Microclimate in Work Environments
- air temperature;
- air velocity;
- air relative humidity.
Individual factors include:
- metabolic activity (which is different for everyone);
- the tasks that each individual is performing;
Occupational risk related to microclimate
Microclimate has a significant influence on workplace well-being, as it can cause considerable discomfort to building occupants. The human body is thermoregulated, meaning it absorbs heat from the surrounding environment and, later, it releases it. A too hot or too cold indoor environment prevents individuals from gradually adapting to new conditions, with potential consequences for health and concentration. This is is defined as
occupational microclimate risk.
How to prevent risks deriving from indoor climate
- Ensure frequent air exchange (which includes turning on HVAC systems and make sure they are clean and well-functioning);
- adjust ventilation according to the needs of workers;
- avoid overcrowding to reduce heat sources;
- learn and follow guidelines regarding temperature and humidity levels to be maintained.